1. Openness and transparency

1.1 We value patient privacy and act to ensure that it is protected.

1.2 This policy was written to capture our current practices and to respond to federal and provincial requirements for the protection of personal information.

1.3 This policy describes how this office collects, protects and discloses the personal information of patients and the rights of patients with respect to their personal information.

1.4 We are available to answer any patient questions regarding our privacy practices.

2. Accountability

2.1 P. H. Reid, M.D. is ultimately accountable for the protection of the health records in his possession.

2.2 Patient information is sensitive by nature. Employees and all others in this office who assist with or provide care (including students and locums) are required to be aware of and adhere to the protections described in this policy for the appropriate use and disclosure of personal information.

2.3 All persons in this office who have access to personal information must adhere to the following information management practices:

  • Office information management practices
  • Access is on a need to know basis
  • Access is restricted to authorized users
  • staff signed confidentiality agreements (as part of employment contract)
  • are aware of and understand requirements to protect personal information

2.4 This office employs strict privacy protections to ensure that

  • We protect the confidentiality of any personal information we access in the course of providing patient care.
  • adhere to the privacy and security policies and procedures of this office.
  • We educate and train staff on the importance of protecting personal information.

3. Collection of personal information

3.1 We collect the following personal information:

Identification and Contact information including:

  • name
  • date of birth
  • address
  • phone and/or fax and/or email
  • next of kin and emergency contact information
  • record of patient appointment times

Billing information including:

  • Provincial/territorial health insurance plan (health card) number
  • private medical insurance details

Health information, including:

  • medical history
  • presenting symptoms
  • physical examination findings
  • relevant medical history of family members
  • test requisitions and results (laboratory tests and x-rays)
  • reports from specialists or other health providers
  • diagnosis and treatment notes (including prescriptions)
  • allergies
  • information to be provided to third parties at the patient's request (e.g., workers compensation, reports for legal proceedings, insurance claims, government claims)

4. Use of personal information

4.1 Personal information collected from patients is used by this office for the purposes of:

  • Identification and contact
  • emergency contact
  • Provision and continuity of care
  • Historical record
  • Health promotion and prevention
  • Referral to specialists or other treating physicians
  • Requesting laboratory investigations
  • Requesting diagnostic tests
  • Generating prescriptions
  • Referral to other health care providers
  • Referral to Home Care agencies
  • Home care supervision
  • Administrate the care that is provided
  • Administration of files
  • Prioritization of appointment scheduling
  • Billing provincial health plan
  • Billing third parties
  • Facilitate reimbursement of patient claims (at patient's request)
  • Professional requirements
  • Risk or error management, i.e., medical-legal advice (CMPA)
  • Quality assurance (peer review)
  • Maintenance of competence including MOCOMP

5. Disclosure of personal information

5.1 Implied consent (Disclosures to other providers)

5.1.1 Unless otherwise indicated, you can assume that patients have consented to the use of their information for the purposes of providing them with care, including sharing the information with other health providers involved in their care. By virtue of seeking care from us, the patient's consent is implied for the provision of that care.

5.1.2 Relevant health information is shared with other providers involved in the patient's care, including (but not limited to):

  • medical students and residents
  • other physicians and specialists
  • Pharmacists
  • lab technicians
  • nutritionists
  • physiotherapists
  • occupational therapists
  • social workers, psychologists

5.2 Without consent (Disclosures mandated or authorized by law)

5.2.1 There are limited situations where the physician is legally required to disclose personal information without the patient's consent. Examples of these situations include (but are not limited to):

  • billing provincial health plans
  • reporting specific diseases
  • reporting abuse (child, elder, spouse, etc)
  • reporting fitness (to drive, fly, etc)
  • by court order (when subpoenaed in a court case)
  • in regulatory investigations
  • for quality assessment (peer review)
  • for risk and error management, e.g., medical-legal advice
  • Public safety overrides patient/doctor confidentiality under specific circumstances. For example under the New Brunswick Motor Vehicle Act, physicians must report patients to the Registrar of Motor Vehicles who they feel may be unfit to drive. The Motor Vehicle Act contains specific provisions to protect physicians from any litigation that might be considered by patients in response to the duty to report. New Brunswick Physicians are also required to report under the following Acts:
    • Family Services Act: Suspicions that a child has been physically or sexually abused, abandoned, or neglected;
    • Health Act: The presence of a "notifiable disease";
    • Venereal Diseases Act: A person with a venereal disease; or who fails to undergo treatment, and/or is discontinuing treatment;
    • Coroners Act: A death that is not due to disease or natural causes;
    • Vital Statistics Act: Notice of birth, stillbirth or cause of death;
    • Workers' Compensation Act: Response to inquiry from Board regarding care of injured worker;
    • Narcotic Control Act: Loss or theft of narcotics and, upon request, information regarding the use and prescription of narcotics;
    • Aeronautics Act: Medical condition of flight crew member or air traffic controller that would constitute a hazard to aviation safety;
    • Railway Safety Act: Medical condition of designated railway employees that constitutes a threat to safe railway operations;
    • Merchant Seaman Compensation Act: The condition of an injured seaman to the employer upon request.

5.3 Express Consent (Disclosures to all other third parties)

5.3.1 The patient's express consent (oral or written) is required before we will disclose personal information to third parties for any purpose other than to provide care or unless authorized to do so by law.

5.3.2 Examples of situations that involve disclosures to third parties include (but are not limited to)

  • attorney requests
  • insurance company requests
  • government agency requests and
  • third party medical examinations.

5.4 Withdrawal of consent

5.4.1 Patients have the option to withdraw consent to have their information shared with other health providers at any time.

5.4.2 Patients also have the option to withdraw consent to have their information shared with third parties.

5.4.3 If a patient chooses to withdraw their consent, the physician will discuss any significant consequences that might result with respect to their care and treatment (e.g., possible negative impact on the care provided).

6. Office Safeguards: Security measures

6.1 Safeguards are in place to protect the security of patient information.

6.2 These safeguards include a combination of physical, technological (for offices where computers are in use) and administrative security measures.

6.2.1 We use the following physical safeguards:

  • limited access to office
  • monitored alarm system
  • deadbolt entry lock (or key card/key pad entry system)
  • authorized access only
  • supervised access for non-staff
  • limited access to records on a need to know basis
  • other methods not indicated to further protect your security

6.2.2 We use the following technological safeguards:

  • protected computer access for patient health information
  • passwords
  • system protections
  • firewall software and hardware
  • virus scanning software
  • redundancy systems (backups)
  • regular backups
  • offsite backups
  • protected external electronic communications - Internet
  • we do not use email for external communication of personal health information
  • secure electronic record disposal
  • safely dispose of computer hard drives
  • destroy all other removable media (diskettes, CD-R, DVD)

Where electronic records are retained rather than destroyed, we follow College requirements for secure retention and disposal of medical records.

Wireless and mobile communication devices (e.g., laptops, PDAs, etc) are especially vulnerable to loss, theft and unauthorized access. We take extra precautions when using these devices for patient health information.

6.2.3 We use the following administrative safeguards:

  • Office information management practices
  • Access is on a need to know basis
  • Access is restricted to authorized users
  • staff signed confidentiality agreements (as part of employment contract)
  • staff are aware of and understand requirements to protect personal information Limits on third party access: Any other persons having access to patient information or to these premises (e.g., cleaners, security staff, landlords) shall, through contractual or other means, provide a comparable level of protection. Staff signed confidentiality agreements: We also ensure that all staff have signed confidentiality agreements or clause as part of (or appended to) their employment contract. This confidentiality agreement or clause extends beyond the term of employment.

7. Office Safeguards: Communications Policy

7.1 We are sensitive to the privacy of personal information and this is reflected in how we communicate with our patients, others involved in their care and all third parties.

7.2 We protect personal information regardless of the format.

7.3 We use specific procedures to communicate personal information by

7.3.1 Telephone: Patient preference with regards to phone messages will be taken into consideration

7.3.2 Fax: Our fax machine is located in a secure or supervised area (restricted public access) we use pre-programmed numbers to ensure fax received by proper recipient a cover sheet indicates the information is confidential reasonable steps are taken to ensure personal information is received only by secure fax machine (e.g., regular verification of numbers - or call first)

7.3.3 Email: Firewall and virus scanning software is in place to mitigate against unauthorized modification, loss, access or disclosure.

7.3.4 Post/Courier: sealed envelope addressed to the authorized recipient

8. Office Safeguards: Record retention

8.1 We retain patient records as required by law and professional regulations (please refer to the New Brunswick College of Physicians and Surgeons for specific guidelines).

8.2 The Canadian Medical Protective Association (CMPA) advises members to retain their medical records for at least 10 years from the date of last entry or, in the case of minors, 10 years from the time the patient would have reached the age of majority (age 18 or 19 in all jurisdictions).

8.3 We use secure offsite record storage for selected documents (locked, fireproof, etc)

9. Office Safeguards: Procedures for secure disposal/destruction of personal information

9.1 When information is no longer required, it is destroyed or retained according to set procedures that govern the storage and destruction of personal information (please refer to the New Brunswick College of Physicians and Surgeons for specific guidelines).

9.1.1 We use the following methods to destroy/dispose of paper records according to provincial/territorial college regulations:

  • cross cut shredding

9.1.2 We use the following methods to destroy/dispose of electronic records:

  • We seek expert advice on how to dispose of electronic records and hardware. At a minimum, we ensure that all information is wiped clean where possible prior to disposal of electronic data storage devices (e.g., surplus computers, internal and external hard drives, diskettes, tapes, CD-ROMs, etc.)
  • properly disposed of computer hard drive
  • destroy all other electronic media storage (diskettes, CD-R, DVD)
  • Electronic records are retained rather than destroyed, and we follow College requirements for the secure retention of medical records

10. Patient Rights: Access to Information

10.1 Patients have the right to access their record in a timely manner.

10.2 If a patient requests a copy of their records, one will be provided at a reasonable cost at rates in keeping with guidelines set by the New Brunswick Medical Society.

10.3 Access shall only be provided upon approval of P. H. Reid, M.D.

10.4 If the patient wishes to view the original record, P. H. Reid, M.D. must be present to maintain the integrity of the record, and a fee will be charged for this access.

10.5 Patients can submit access requests in writing directed to:

P. H. Reid, M.D.
Post Office Box 4817
Rothesay, N.B.
Canada E2E 5X5

10.6 This office follows specific procedures to respond to patient access requests. We respond within a timely fashion. We ensure that P. H. Reid, M.D. is present to maintain the integrity of the record should the patient wish to view the original record.

11. Patient Rights: Limitations on access

11.1 In extremely limited circumstances the patient may be denied access to their records, but only if providing access would create a risk to that patient or to another person.

11.1.1 For example, when the information could reasonably be expected to seriously endanger the mental or physical health or safety of the individual making the request or another person.

11.1.2 Or if the disclosure would reveal personal information about another person who has not consented to the disclosure. In this case, we will do our best to separate out this information and disclose only what is appropriate.

12. Patient Rights: Accuracy of information

12.1 We make every effort to ensure that all patient information is recorded accurately.

12.2 If an inaccuracy is noted, the patient can request changes in their own record, and this request is documented by an annotation in the record.

12.3 No notation shall be made without the approval or authorisation of P. H. Reid, M.D.

13. Patient Rights: Privacy and Access Complaints

13.1 It is important to us that our privacy policies and practices address patient concerns and respond to patient needs.

13.2 A patient who believes that this office has not responded to their access request or handled their personal information in a reasonable manner is encouraged to address their concerns first with P. H. Reid, M.D.

13.2.1 Patient complaints can be made in writing directed to:

P. H. Reid, M.D.
Post Office Box 4817
Rothesay, N.B.
Canada E2E 5X5

13.2.2 This office follows specific procedures for responding to patient complaints. We acknowledge and respond to patients in a timely fashion. All complaints shall be investigated. If justified, remedial measures will be taken, such as amending policies, procedures and practices.

13.3 Patients who wish to pursue the matter further are advised to direct their complaints to:

College of Physicians and Surgeons of New Brunswick
One Hampton Road, Suite 300
Rothesay NB E2E 5K8
Telephone: (506) 849-5050
Toll-free: (800) 667-4641
Facsimile: (506) 849-5069

Privacy protection laws are still relatively new to Canada, but our commitment to your privacy isn't.